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International

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Updated: Saturday, January 15, 2022, 13:33 [IST]

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 <div class="big_center_img" data-cl-cnt="0" data-cnt-t="0" data-gal-src="https://hindi.oneindia.com/img/2022/01/dw_20220115001516_60286672_403.jpg"> <div> <figure><img data-pagespeed-lazy-src="https://hindi.oneindia.com/img/2022/01/xdw_20220115001516_60286672_403.jpg.pagespeed.ic.WaFygpVRt4.jpg" class="image_listical c1" alt="Photograph of the human zoo in Belgium" title="Photograph of the human zoo in Belgium" data-cl-slideshow="" data-cl-title = "Photo of human zoo in Belgium" data-cl-description = "" data-cl-imageid = "658331-0" src="/img/loading.gif" onload="pagespeed.lazyLoadImages.loadIfVisibleAndMaybeBeacon(this);" onerror="this.onerror=null;pagespeed.lazyLoadImages.loadIfVisibleAndMaybeBeacon(this);"/></figure> </div> </div>  <p><strong>Brussels, 15 January</strong> The 267 men and women from the Congolese Belgian colony were housed behind a large park in the Brussels suburb of Terrain.  They weren't treated like humans, but as if they were in a zoo.  They were brought to Belgium at the behest of King Leopold II.  A fake 'Congo village' was set up as an exhibition to show Europeans.  There were huts with roofs.  They lived in these huts.  At the 1897 World's Fair, 40,000 people came to see them every day.</p>  <p>By the end of the fair, seven of them had died.  In his late 19th century, a colonial museum was built in his honor, named the Africa Museum Terverin.  The museum has been rebuilt several times so far and its names have been changed.  Currently, a special exhibition is being held here, entitled 'Human Zoo: The Age of Colonial Exhibitions'.  The exhibition will run until March 5.</p>    <div class="big_center_img" data-cl-cnt="1" data-cnt-t="1" data-gal-src="https://hindi.oneindia.com/img/2022/01/dw_20220115001527_60286711_403.jpg"> <div> <figure class="onImage"> <div id="oi-vox" data-hyb-ssp-in-image-overlay="60fac30b4d506e181c9ee91b"><img data-pagespeed-lazy-src="https://hindi.oneindia.com/img/2022/01/xdw_20220115001527_60286711_403.jpg.pagespeed.ic.qBl4a20WeA.jpg" class="image_listical c1" alt="Belgian rulers say they are teaching Congo human civilization" title="Belgian rulers say they are teaching Congo human civilization" data-cl-slideshow="" data-cl-title = "Belgian rulers say they are teaching Congo human civilization" data-cl-description = "" data-cl-imageid = "658331-1"" src="/img/loading.gif" onload="pagespeed.lazyLoadImages.loadIfVisibleAndMaybeBeacon(this);" onerror="this.onerror=null;pagespeed.lazyLoadImages.loadIfVisibleAndMaybeBeacon(this);"/></div> </figure> </div> </div> <p><strong>Excellence</strong> <strong>Of</strong> <strong>Claim</strong></p> <p>At the Berlin Africa Conference of 1884-1885, 14 European countries divided the continent.  Congo was ceded to a private colony by King Leopold II of Belgium.  It was an area 80 times the size of Belgium.  An exhibition at Tervuren's Africa Palace Museum clearly shows that Europeans considered themselves superior.</p>   <p>Here is a photo of Leopold with two black children.  The caption below the picture reads, "Belgium develops culture in Congo."  In fact, Belgium used Congo's resources ruthlessly.  The people there were brought to Europe for labor and exploited.</p>  <div class="big_center_img" data-cl-cnt="2" data-cnt-t="2" data-gal-src="https://hindi.oneindia.com/img/2022/01/dw_20220115001537_60352095_403.jpg"> <div> <figure><img data-pagespeed-lazy-src="https://hindi.oneindia.com/img/2022/01/xdw_20220115001537_60352095_403.jpg.pagespeed.ic.opHv1kylf1.jpg" class="image_listical c1" alt="King Leopold II of Belgium (1865 - 1909)" title="King Leopold II of Belgium (1865 - 1909)" data-cl-slideshow="" data-cl-title = "King Leopold II of Belgium (1865 - 1909)" data-cl-description = "" data-cl-imageid = "658331-2" src="/img/loading.gif" onload="pagespeed.lazyLoadImages.loadIfVisibleAndMaybeBeacon(this);" onerror="this.onerror=null;pagespeed.lazyLoadImages.loadIfVisibleAndMaybeBeacon(this);"/></figure> </div> </div> <p><strong>Popular</strong> <strong>Play</strong></p>  <p>Martin Kotnier, a historian, anthropologist and one of the three organizers of the Brussels exhibition, says the human zoo has attracted a lot of people.  Speaking to Deutsche Welle, he said, "Congolese people were portrayed as primitive cave dwellers and were made to dance in clothes made of palm trees. They were never intellectuals, artists or ordinary people. . "</p> <p>"It's not a one-size-fits-all affair," Countier said.  Exhibitions of people of all races were also held in Europe, America, Japan and Africa.  This was done so that the locals could come to see the exhibition, understand who these strange people were and would 'feel good'.</p> <p><strong>Caste</strong> <strong>Of</strong> <strong>False</strong> <strong>Science</strong></p> <p>During the period of European colonialism, village exhibitions of "human zoo" or groups of African, Native American and Scandinavian Sami were organized for entertainment.  These exhibitions were modeled on incomplete 'scientific' anthropology.  Pictures of the 'racial type' of 1903 show that non-Europeans were not considered 'humans' because of their self-concept of superiority.</p> <p>The colonial powers were convinced of their 'cultural superiority'.  In Germany, Hamburg-based animal trader and zoo founder Karl Hegenbeck transformed the human zoo into a commercial model.  Friedrich Wilhelm Seabold, who performed at the fairgrounds, exhibited human beings at the annual fair, Octoberfest, held in Munich until 1931.</p>  <div class="big_center_img" data-cl-cnt="3" data-cnt-t="3" data-gal-src="https://hindi.oneindia.com/img/2022/01/dw_20220115001548_60286637_403.jpg"> <div> <figure><img data-pagespeed-lazy-src="https://hindi.oneindia.com/img/2022/01/xdw_20220115001548_60286637_403.jpg.pagespeed.ic.csRstb1FSP.jpg" class="image_listical c1" alt="Racial discrimination was considered a science" title="Racial discrimination was considered a science" data-cl-slideshow="" data-cl-title = "Racial Discrimination"" src="/img/loading.gif" onload="pagespeed.lazyLoadImages.loadIfVisibleAndMaybeBeacon(this);" onerror="this.onerror=null;pagespeed.lazyLoadImages.loadIfVisibleAndMaybeBeacon(this);"/></figure> </div> </div> <p><strong>Berlin Exhibition</strong> <strong>In</strong> <strong>next to</strong> <strong>Man</strong> <strong>The zoo</strong></p> <p>The first colonial exhibition in Germany was held in 1896.  During a trade fair in Berlin, the organizers set up a village in a park in the city's Trepto district.  It was called an insulting word for black people.  More than 106 Africans were brought to Berlin from German colonies because of false promises.  Here he was displayed in front of the villagers in strange clothes for seven months, to entertain the locals.  He was repeatedly humiliated in public.</p>  <p>A permanent exhibition 'Tsurukgeshout (looking back)' at the Trepto-based museum reopened in October 2021.  This exhibition clearly sheds light on 'black history'.  At the same time, it describes the lives of people who were considered inferior.  The exhibition also shows how the colonial masters suddenly faced heavy opposition when these men went out of their assigned roles during the demonstration.  For example, Quelle Ndumbe from Cameroon bought an opera glass and used it for viewers.</p>  <div class="big_center_img" data-cl-cnt="4" data-cnt-t="4" data-gal-src="https://hindi.oneindia.com/img/2022/01/dw_20220115001558_60341742_403.jpg"> <div> <figure><img data-pagespeed-lazy-src="https://hindi.oneindia.com/img/2022/01/xdw_20220115001558_60341742_403.jpg.pagespeed.ic.MT6d7PRxiS.jpg" class="image_listical c1" alt="Display Tsurukgeshout or reverse" title="Display Tsurukgeshout or reverse" data-cl-slideshow="" data-cl-title = "Display Tsurukgeshout or Looking Back" data-cl-description = "" data-cl-imageid = "658331-4" src="/img/loading.gif" onload="pagespeed.lazyLoadImages.loadIfVisibleAndMaybeBeacon(this);" onerror="this.onerror=null;pagespeed.lazyLoadImages.loadIfVisibleAndMaybeBeacon(this);"/></figure> </div> </div> <p><strong>Even today</strong> <strong>The same</strong> <strong>Psyche</strong></p> <p>Countier says the racist notion of a human zoo still exists today.  For example, their black peers have to deal with this when looking for a job or a home.  The concept of excellence continues as before.  The 'I am better than you' mentality has not changed.</p>  <p>"Children are not racist," he says.</p> <p>Report: Swan Tuniges</p>  <p>Source: <a href="https://www.dw.com" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DW</a></p>       <div class="notification-outerblock clearfix" id="notification-articleblock" style="display:none;"> <p>

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Exhibitions live at the Colonial Human Zoo

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