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With BBC News Hindi

Updated: Friday, November 26, 2021, 17:18 [IST]

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<p>When the results of the National Family Health Survey (5), the most comprehensive survey on women's and children's health conducted by the Government of India, were released, a statistic surprised everyone.</p>    <div class="big_center_img" data-cl-cnt="0" data-cnt-t="0" data-gal-src="https://hindi.oneindia.com/img/2021/11/-121827576-gettyimages-874044406-1637927264.jpg"> <div> <figure><img src="https://hindi.oneindia.com/img/2021/11/-121827576-gettyimages-874044406-1637927264.jpg" class="image_listical c2" alt="NFHS 5: Really more women than men in India?" title="NFHS 5: Really more women than men in India?" data-cl-slideshow="" data-cl-title = "NFHS 5: Really more women than men in India?"  data-cl-description = "" data-cl-imageid = "650459-0""/></figure> </div> </div> <p>The survey found that there are 1,020 women for every 1,000 men.  Earlier, in the 2011 census, there were 943 females for every 1,000 males.</p>    <p>To understand this advantage, it is important to note first that this comparison is misleading.  The National Family Health Survey is a 'sample survey' and the census is a 'census'.</p> <p>The National Family Health Survey (5) surveyed about six lakh households, while the census estimates that the country has a population of 1.25 billion.</p>  <p>Sharmila Rege, convener of CEHAT, a Mumbai-based non-governmental organization working on health issues, agrees and points to another factor.</p> <p>She says, "The National Family Health Survey does not take immigration into account in its results. When surveyed at home, the number of women may be due to men working in another village or town."</p> <p><strong>This means that the survey</strong> <strong>Statistics</strong> <strong>Are wrong?</strong></p>  <p>The survey was conducted by the International Institute of Population Sciences on behalf of the government.</p> <p>R.B., Professor of Migration and Urbanization Studies.  Bhagat believed that the census was a more reliable way to find out the sex ratio of men and women.</p> <p>"There is always the possibility of sample error in a sample survey that will not be counted in the population. When the next census is taken, the sex ratio should be better than in 2011 but I don't see that much. Increase," he said.</p>  <p>Sanjay Kumar, a former director of the Center for the Study of Developing Societies, a social research think tank, is also surprised by the survey's results but believes in its effectiveness.</p> <p>Sanjay Kumar says, "Sample survey is done in a special way and if the sample is selected carefully, it can give accurate results even though it is small."</p> <p>According to him, to understand the astonishing figure of 1020: 1000, one has to study the results of different states and rural-urban areas.</p>  <p>According to Sangeeta Reggae, one of the reasons for this is the increased 'life expectancy' of women at birth.</p> <p>Census of India for the year 2013-17 <a href="https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1606209" rel="nofollow">A guess</a> According to this, the life expectancy of women in India is 70.4 years while that of men is 67.8 years.</p> <p>At the same time, the maternal mortality rate has improved due to pregnancy and post-natal mortality.</p> <p>Presented by the Ministry of Health in the Lok Sabha <a href="https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1697441" rel="nofollow">Information</a> According to their surveys, the rate has gone down from 130 mothers per lakh children in 2014-16 to 113 in 2016-18.</p> <p>According to Professor Bhagat, one of the reasons for this may be that more information about women has been given in the surveys.</p> <p>He says, "In the past, women were not valued in the family, but in the last few decades, with the advent of many government schemes focusing on women, the practice of formally registering their names has increased. Less reporting will be reduced. And they are now in these numbers. Will be present. "</p>   <p>The sex ratio at birth, 'Sexual Ratio at Birth' (SRB), has also been released in the National Family Health Survey (5) with a total sex ratio of 1020: 1000.  It's just 929: 1000.</p>  <p>The sex ratio at birth measures the sex ratio of babies born in the last five years.</p> <p>According to Professor Bhagat, 'SRB' is a better measure than the total sex ratio for understanding the effects of sex testing and feticide and because it is still very low, it shows that there is still much work to be done in this direction.</p> <p>Sangeeta also draws attention to some other scientific reasons why girls are less than boys at the time of reggae birth.</p> <p>She says, "Many studies have found that historically the first child is more likely to be a boy and the boy is more likely to have an abortion after birth. As technology has improved. , Small families have become more prevalent, and the use of contraceptives has increased, leading to an increase in the proportion of boys in most newborns.</p>  <p>In this web of statistics, also note that the sex ratio of children up to the age of six in the 2011 census was the lowest ever - 919.</p> <p>Experts are surprised by the National Family Health Survey's total sex ratio, but they are also optimistic about the future.</p> <p>A.L., director of Population First, a non-governmental organization working on health and population.  Sharda described it as "great to be honest" and said that there was a change in social thinking.</p> <p>She says, "I am very optimistic about the 2031 census. The generation that is now in school will get married, become parents, and this is being said over and over again in many like-minded schemes and campaigns. Will move on. "</p> <p><strong>(For BBC Hindi Android app you can</strong> <a href="https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=uk.co.bbc.hindi" rel="nofollow">Click here</a> <strong>Can do  You tell us</strong> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/bbchindi" rel="nofollow">Facebook</a><strong>,</strong> <a href="https://twitter.com/BBCHindi" rel="nofollow">Twitter</a><strong>,</strong> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/bbchindi/" rel="nofollow">Instagram</a> <strong>And</strong> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/bbchindi" rel="nofollow">YouTube</a><strong>You can follow too.)</strong></p> <noscript><img src="https://a1.api.bbc.co.uk/hit.xiti/?s=598346&p=hindi.india.story.59429033.page&x1=%5Burn%3Abbc%3Acps%3Ae30f43a2-ceb0-48fa-823c-442627f8e2eb%5D&x4=%5Bhi%5D&x5=%5Bhttps%3A%2F%2Fwww.bbc.com%2Fhindi%2Findia-59429033%5D&x7=%5Barticle%5D&x8=%5Bsynd_nojs_ISAPI%5D&x9=%5BNFHS+5%3A+%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%AF%E0%A4%BE+%E0%A4%AD%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%A4+%E0%A4%AE%E0%A5%87%E0%A4%82+%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%95%E0%A4%BC%E0%A4%88+%E0%A4%AE%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%A6%E0%A5%8B%E0%A4%82+%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%87+%E0%A4%AE%E0%A5%81%E0%A4%95%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%AC%E0%A4%B2%E0%A5%87+%E0%A4%94%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%A4%E0%A5%8B%E0%A4%82+%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%80+%E0%A4%B8%E0%A4%82%E0%A4%96%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%AF%E0%A4%BE+%E0%A4%AC%E0%A4%A2%E0%A4%BC+%E0%A4%97%E0%A4%88+%E0%A4%B9%E0%A5%88%3F%5D&x11=%5B2021-11-26T09%3A49%3A31Z%5D&x12=%5B2021-11-26T09%3A49%3A31Z%5D&x19=%5Boneindia.com%5D"/></noscript> <div style="padding-bottom:7px;background: #cd1000;height: 15px; margin-bottom: 10px;width: 97%;clear:both;"><a href="http://www.bbchindi.com" rel="nofollow noopener" target="_blank"><img src="https://hindi.oneindia.com/images/bbc-footer.png" border="0" alt="BBC Hindi" height="11" width="660"/></a></div>      <div class="notification-outerblock clearfix" id="notification-articleblock" style="display:none;"> <p>

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