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With BBC News Hindi

Updated: Thursday, November 25, 2021, 16:43 [IST]

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 <div class="big_center_img" data-cl-cnt="0" data-cnt-t="0" data-gal-src=""> <div> <figure><img src="" class="image_listical c1" alt="Farmers" title="Farmers" data-cl-slideshow="" data-cl-title = "Farmer" data-cl-description = "" data-cl-imageid = "650284-0""/> <p>Getty Images</p> </figure> </div> <p>Farmers</p> </div>  <p>One year of the peasant movement is coming to an end in India.  The Narendra Modi government had decided in September 2020 to implement three controversial agriculture laws.  In protest of these three laws, the farmers had started their agitation by mobilizing on the borders of Delhi from November 25-26, 2020.</p>  <p>A year before the agitation, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has announced the repeal of all three agriculture laws, but farmers' protests continue on Delhi's borders.</p>   <p>The constitutional process of repeal of these three laws has also begun.  The Modi government's cabinet on Wednesday approved a bill to repeal the laws and it will now be tabled in Parliament.</p> <p>But the United Kisan Morcha, which is leading the farmers' movement, has demanded the repeal of these laws through a parliamentary process and enactment of a law guaranteeing a minimum support price for farmers.  He also demanded compensation for the families of the farmers who lost their lives during the agitation.</p> <p>But the manner in which the Union government withdrew these three laws must have sent a message across the country that the farmers had forced the Modi government to bow down.  However, people associated with the peasant movement and many political analysts believe that the government has taken this decision in view of the Assembly elections in Uttar Pradesh and Punjab.</p>    <h3>Will other movements get their lives?</h3> <p>Now whatever strategy the government has decided on, but the way the Modi government has withdrawn its steps on agriculture laws has given a new lease of life to other movements across the country.</p> <p>Nikhil Dey, who is associated with the Social Movement and Right to Information Act, says, "This is definitely a great victory for the farmers. Withdrawal is a victory for ordinary farmers. Although it is clear that this decision has been taken with elections in mind, it has strengthened the partners of other movements.</p>  <p>According to Nikhil Dey, "The main reason for the success of the peasant movement was not that the peasants were frozen on the borders of Delhi. It was for the government. "</p> <p>He says, "The farmers who were joining the agitation on the borders of Delhi were returning to their villages. They were also telling the people about the agitation there. There was an atmosphere. It was against the government. It has frightened the government even more. "</p>   <div class="big_center_img" data-cl-cnt="1" data-cnt-t="1" data-gal-src=""> <div> <figure><img src="" class="image_listical c1" alt="Amit Shah, Narendra Modi" title="Amit Shah, Narendra Modi" data-cl-slideshow="" data-cl-title = "Amit Shah, Narendra Modi" data-cl-description = "" data-cl-imageid = "650284-1""/> <p>Writers</p> </figure> </div> <p>Amit Shah, Narendra Modi</p> </div> <h3>Is there a government strategy behind this?</h3> <p>On the other hand, Mayank Gandhi, who is considered the face of social movements in Mumbai, is also not very enthusiastic about the Modi government's decision.</p> <p>He said, "The decision to withdraw agricultural laws is a purely political one. It should not be seen as a victory for the farmers. If the Punjab and Uttar Pradesh elections are held two years later, the farmers' agitation will continue." Years will go by and these people will not take the law back. "</p> <p>However, Nikhil Dey believes that all other movements in India should learn a lot from this peasant movement.</p> <p>He says, "The most important thing about this peasant movement was that it was completely apolitical. There were many obstacles and challenges along the way, but these people did not give up."</p>  <p>Nikhil Dey says, "This movement has the support of ordinary farmers. These people have shown that our movement will start by sitting where you stop. Kisan Panchayats were starting everywhere. This commitment lasts till the end." The peculiarity of the people's movements is that they are like a river, it flows on its own, it does not flow. "</p>   <div class="big_center_img" data-cl-cnt="2" data-cnt-t="2" data-gal-src=""> <div> <figure><img src="" class="image_listical c1" alt="Citizenship Amendment Act, AMU" title="Citizenship Amendment Act, AMU" data-cl-slideshow="" data-cl-title = "Citizenship Amendment Act, AMU" data-cl-description = "" data-cl-imageid = "650284-2""/> <p>Smritmaj Mishra / BBC</p> </figure> </div> <p>Citizenship Amendment Act, AMU</p> </div> <h3>The second wave needs to learn from this</h3> <p>By the way, both Mayank Gandhi and Nikhil Dey believe that other movements can definitely strengthen themselves by learning from the peasant movement.  However, Mayank Gandhi also believes that the present government understands only the language of election manipulation, not the language of agitations.</p> <p>By the way, before the peasant agitation in the country the issue of Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and NRC had also taken the form of agitation.</p>  <p>On the issue of Citizenship Amendment Act, ordinary people took to the streets in many places across the country, including Delhi's Shaheen Bagh, and supported the agitation.  However, that movement was seen through the prism of a particular religion and with the advent of the Kovid transition movement, the heat of this movement subsided.</p> <p>Nikhil Dey says, "A large section of women have taken to the streets against the Citizenship Amendment Act. Women who have never been out of their homes have taken to the streets." Not only did they realize its power. Instead of the constitution, they started telling the people about their rights but there was an attempt to weaken the movement by dividing the society but this method did not work in the peasant movement.</p>   <div class="big_center_img" data-cl-cnt="3" data-cnt-t="3" data-gal-src=""> <div> <figure><img src="" class="image_listical c1" alt="Young people in Kashmir throwing stones" title="Young people in Kashmir throwing stones" data-cl-slideshow="" data-cl-title = "Youth throwing stones in Kashmir" data-cl-description = "" data-cl-imageid = "650284-3""/> <p>Writers</p> </figure> </div> <p>Young people in Kashmir throwing stones</p> </div>  <p><strong>Or it will heat up again</strong> <strong>CAA and Kashmir issue?</strong></p> <p>With the repeal of agricultural laws, the issue of CAA is once again heating up.  On the withdrawal of three laws by the Modi government, Asaduddin Owaisi quipped the Prime Minister, saying, "This is the peasant movement and the success of the farmers. The day is not far when the Modi government will back down. The CAA law."</p> <p>The biggest impact of the law was feared to be seen in the northeastern states.  This is still a big issue especially in Assam.</p> <p>Akhil Gogoi, a social activist and MLA from Assam, was arrested by the National Investigation Agency (NIA) in December 2020 under the UAPA Act for protesting against the law.  His case was dropped in July after spending six months in jail.  Akhil Gogoi is also involved in the United Kisan Morcha.</p> <p>"We have got a lot of enthusiasm after the success of the peasant movement. We are now mobilizing the people for the Citizenship Amendment Act. You will not believe that most of the people of Assam are in favor of it," said Akhil Gogoi. It is against the law. The situation is similar in other states in the North East. We are trying to unite and raise our voice against the law.</p>   <h3>'Never compromise in the movement'</h3> <p>Regarding the most important lesson learned from the success of the peasant movement, Akhil Gogoi says, "The peasant movement was successful because the top leaders of the movement did not compromise. They were subjected to various pressures and greeds. No compromise. Keep the movement alive. The government persecuted a lot but did not waver in its commitment. All other movements in the country have to learn to never compromise in war.</p> <p>The Modi government came to power at the Center in 2014 and the kind of majority it got in two consecutive elections gave the impression that the protests of the people had no effect on this government.  However, the last seven years have seen some protests in different parts of the country.</p>  <p>There was a local outcry against the repeal of Article 370 in Kashmir or the abolition of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.  However, the Union government has been constantly pointing out new avenues of development for the common man in Kashmir.  But the Modi government has not yet fully won the confidence of ordinary Kashmiris.</p> <p>"In the case of Kashmir, we have seen how the views of the people have not been taken into account. Democracy demands that a decision be taken in consultation with the people there," Nikhil Dey said.</p> <p>Akhil Gogoi says, "The government has weakened the CAA movement by giving it a communal color, but their attempts to discredit the peasant movement in every possible way have not been successful. This is because the focus of the peasant movement leaders was very clear." "</p>   <h3>There are other issues</h3> <p>Apart from these major issues, many other issues and movements of the country have been relevant for a long time.  There are also issues like liberalization of labor laws, opposition to privatization, demand for caste census, new education policy and proper implementation of reservation.</p> <p>Apart from law and order and corruption, issues ranging from water, forest and land conservation to employment, education and health care are also on the agenda.</p> <p>The agitation against the sale of large state-owned companies may also intensify.  Millions of people across the country are working on contract, their mutual unity can take the form of a movement.</p> <p>Delhi University Assistant Professor and Social Worker Dr.  Laxman Yadav says, "The success of the peasant movement is symbolic."</p>  <p>"The government is trying to depoliticize the people and, moreover, everyone's understanding is being looked at through the prism of nationalism," he said.  It is important for such a government to bow its head. "</p> <p>Laxman Yadav said, "The backward and dalits of the society are not getting their right in higher education.  In such an era, the government has introduced a new education policy, which is leading to privatization of education and weakening reservations.</p> <p>According to him, the Kisan Andolan has shown that we can oppose the new education policy and force the government to withdraw it.</p>  <h3>'But not all waves can take this form'</h3> <p>However, Nikhil Dey also reiterates that if any other movement becomes as big as the peasant movement, it is neither necessary nor possible.</p>  <p>He says, "The peasant movement is the only movement of its kind in the whole world. Such a movement has never happened before in independent India. In such a situation, it should not be expected that other movements will become like this. But small. Can also fight for justice, it should also be encouraged.</p> <p>During the Covid transformation, the plight of the health system in the country was also an important issue.  Unemployment has also been steadily rising in the last few years.</p> <p>In such a situation the neglected section of the society can choose the path of agitation by taking lessons from the peasant movement.  The success of the peasant movement has in a way given new impetus to these movements.</p> <p>"What the agitators were saying, now they have to apologize. That is the strength of the agitations," said Nikhil Dey.</p>   <p><strong>(You for BBC Hindi's Android app</strong> <a href="" rel="nofollow">Click here</a> <strong>Can do  You tell us</strong> <a href="" rel="nofollow">Facebook</a> <strong>And</strong> <a href="" rel="nofollow">Twitter</a> <strong>You can follow too.)</strong></p> <noscript><img src=""/></noscript> <div style="padding-bottom:7px;background: #cd1000;height: 15px; margin-bottom: 10px;width: 97%;clear:both;"><a href="" rel="nofollow noopener" target="_blank"><img src="" border="0" alt="BBC Hindi" height="11" width="660"/></a></div>      <div class="notification-outerblock clearfix" id="notification-articleblock" style="display:none;"> <p>

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